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ICJ Judge Higgins - What International Courts May and May Not Do
20 Jul 2012 -  Judge Rosalyn Higgins, Former President, International Court of Justice

"What International Courts (and Judges) May and May Not Do"
Equality of the parties and impartiality of the Judges are essential ingredients for international justice. What are the things that a court must do – or refrain from doing – to ensure equality of the parties? And what constraints are there upon individual Judges who, together, will decide the case? The answers to these questions are not always evident in the Statute, Rules or case law of a court. Using the International Court of Justice as an example, this lecture considers a range of behavioural matters, for both the Court and its Judges, that arise from the concepts of equality and impartiality.