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Urban Displacement: Figures and Relevance for Humanitarian-Development Nexus - WUF10 (8-13 February 2020, Abu Dhabi, UAE)
11 Feb 2020 -  When cities experience forced displacement-related shocks, vulnerabilities cut across different typologies of population and in turn impact development policies. Movements of forcibly displaced populations to, from and within urban centers exacerbate infrastructural challenges as well as demands on basic needs and services. This can stretch the resources and capacity of governing institutions to provide adequate support to not only the forcibly displaced but also to the host communities. The transition from humanitarian service provision to locally led and managed support to the urban population in some contexts may offer opportunities to interconnect humanitarian and development partners at the local level. Hence, when it comes to forced displacement in urban settings, assistance to the forcibly displaced must tie in carefully with cities’ own infrastructure, planning and budget in order to be most effective. Humanitarian actors often do not have the lens nor the mandate to fully include the host community or local government strategies and planning in their action plans during acute crisis. Development actors, on the other hand, do have such perspective and mandate yet mostly come in at a later, post-emergency, stage. Therefore, the juncture between forced displacement and sustainable and inclusive urbanization is central to HumanitarianDevelopment Nexus (HDN) discussions. The proposed networking session will provide an opportunity to update and engage the divers WUF audience composed of Humanitarian actors, development actors, city planners and city governors on the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), IDMC, and World Bank efforts regarding urban displacement research. The latter aims to quantify the global extent of urban internal displacement, contrast its characteristics and impact with those of rural internal displacement, and support both operationalization of such insight and related dialogue with governments. Innovation in defining urban boundaries, as driven by e.g. the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) allows for the analysis of DTM and other data collected in displacement contexts with the aim of identifying displacement dynamics and service provision within urban centers. In collaboration with the World Bank as well as the JRC, the DTM is refining its methodology for the estimation of internally displaced persons (IDP) stocks in urban areas as well as IDP flows from and to these areas and published a first comparative case study on access to essential services for urban and rural IDPs.