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Transnational Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking in the Caribbean Region as a Threat to International Stability - United Nations Security Council Open Arria Formula Meeting
7 Jun 2019 -  Transnational organized crime, including drugs, arms and human trafficking, affects peace, security and stability wherever it occurs. It undermines the authority and effectiveness of State institutions, erodes the rule of law and weakens law enforcement structures. There is little doubt that these transnational issues present major challenges to countries and regions across the globe. Organized crime and drug trafficking are complex problems that manifest themselves in diverse ways in different parts of the world. Transnational organized crime and drug trafficking do not exist in isolation. They belong to a malignant complex that can include terrorism, money laundering and illegal arms trafficking.
As highlighted in the 2018 World Drug Report, published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the overall global production of opium and manufacture of cocaine has reached the highest levels ever recorded. The total global opium production jumped by 65 per cent from 2016 to 2017, whereas global cocaine manufacture in 2016 reached its highest level ever, rising by 56 per cent during the period 2013–2016. In addition, in recent years drug trafficking has contributed to a sharp increase in the availability and usage of firearms.
The Arria Formula meeting will focus on transnational organized crime, including illicit financial flows, trafficking in firearms and the significant increase of flows of narcotics, particularly from South and Central America through the Caribbean region.
The meeting will support Council members to take stock of efforts undertaken by many stakeholders to better prevent and counter this problem. The meeting will provide a platform for the Council to reaffirm its commitment to addressing the harmful effects of transnational organized crime, in particular drug trafficking, encouraging and commending regional and sub-regional initiatives to address this challenge.