Defense Sector Reform in the UN (Security Sector Reform Unit and UNITAR)
The video provides guidance to United Nations staff engaged in supporting national defence sector reform and highlights its importance for the future stability, peace and development of post conflict countries. It also explains the role of the United Nations in the field of DSR and advocates for the inclusion of better defined DSR mandates for UN missions.
Defence Sector Reform: describes a nationally-owned process intended to reconcile, reform, transform, restructure, reengineers, enhance or develop an effective, efficient, accountable and affordable defence sector which operates without discrimination, with full respect of human rights and, under extraordinary and constitutionally defined circumstances, in support of the establishment, maintenance and upholding of law and order. In some specific cases, the reform process may include the assessment of the role of the private defence-related organizations and regularization of non-statutory forces .
UN peacekeeping: refers to activities that helps countries torn by conflict create conditions for lasting peace. UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles: 1) Consent of the parties; 2) Impartiality; 3) Non-use of force except in self-defence and defence of the mandate.
UN peacebuilding: involves a range of measures targeted to reduce the risk of lapsing or relapsing into conflict by strengthening national capacities at all levels for conflict management, and to lay the foundations for sustainable peace and development. Peacebuilding strategies must be coherent and tailored to specific needs of the country concerned, based on national ownership, and should comprise a carefully prioritized, sequenced, and therefore relatively narrow set of activities aimed at achieving the above objectives.