The growing threat of terrorist attacks based on XRIRB, while not a new phenomenon, is of increasing international concern, especially in regard to the protection and support of victims of such attacks. While further data is required as to the full scope and nature of this type of violence, some UN Member States are now considering this to be the fastest growing or even most prominent domestic security threat they face. This session will highlight the discussions among the international community about the need to address new and emerging forms of terrorism. This includes, the emerging threat of terrorist attacks based on xenophobia, racism, and other forms of intolerance, or in the name of religion or belief (XRIRB), particularly given its transnational dimension. It will address the specific challenges that victims face in the aftermath of terrorist attacks based on XRIRB, and the specific support required by communities in order to heal and move forward.